Kickapoo of United States

People Group Info

Total Population: 4,662

ROP3 Code: 104995
IMB Affinity Group: American Peoples
Affinity Bloc: North American Peoples
People Cluster: North American Indigenous
Language: English - (eng)
Religion: Ethnic Religions
Country of Origin: United States

Photo courtesy of Joshua Project.
By Antonio Alvarez

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Majority Located Where

  McLoud, OK - 2,630

  Powhattan, KS - 1,660

  Eagle Pass, TX - 372

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Brief Profile

The Kickapoo are a Native American people who constitute three federally recognized Kickapoo tribes: (1) Kickapoo tribe Kansas, (2) the Kickapoo tribe of Oklahoma, and (3) the Kickapoo tribe of Texas.

The Kickapoo tribe of Kansas reside on the Kickapoo Reservation of Kansas. They own a gymnasium, day care center, senior center, and the Kickapoo Nation school, which teaches grades from kindergarten through 12th grade. They operate the Golden Eagle Casino in Horton. They speak English. They adhere to traditional tribal religion, Native American Church, and Drum religion.

The Kickapoo Tribe of Oklahoma reside east of Oklahoma near Dale, Oklahoma. They are headquartered in McLoud, Oklahoma. Their tribal jurisdictional area is in Oklahoma, Pottawatomie, and Lincoln counties. About 400 tribal members speak the Kickapoo language. It is one of the few Oklahoma tribal languages spoken by children today.

The Kickapoo Tribe of Texas reside on the Kickapoo Tribe Reservation, just southeast of the city of Piedras Negras, Texas. The Texas tribal headquarters is located in Rosita South on their reservation where they also operate the Kickapoo Lucky Eagle Casino. They speak English and the Kickapoo language, along with Kickapoo who reside across the border into Mexico.

"Traditionally, the Kickapoo religion has been an intrinsic part of every facet of life. The religion is animistic and includes a belief in manitous or spirit messengers. The supreme deity is Kisiihiat, who created the world and lives in the sky. Kisiihiat is assisted by a pantheon of manitous, or manitooaki (plural), who are embodied in the earth, objects of nature, and natural forces, and who serve as spirit messengers. There is also a culture hero, Wisaaka, the son of Kisiihiat, who created the Indian world and taught the Kickapoo to build their houses, which are a vital element of the Kickapoo religion. Religious practice is organized around sacred bundles, misaami, for clans and herbal societies. The religion is protected and practiced almost fanatically among the Mexican Kickapoo, whereas the Kansas Kickapoo have been strongly affected by Christianity. Most Oklahoma Kickapoo practice the traditional religion, but some other Religions, such as the Native American church and Protestant denominations, have made some impact." (

Prayer Points

  • Pray God will mature Christian Kickapoo in order that they will boldly share their faith in Christ.
  • Pray that Christians will provide training for evangelical Kickapoo in such a way that Kickapoo make disciples who in turn make disciples of Christ.
  • Pray that Christians will intentionally engage the unreached and unengaged Kickapoo who reside in south Texas and along the border of Mexico.


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