People Group Highlights

“All nations will come and worship before you."

- Revelations 15:4

Massachusett, Wampanoag of United States

People Group Info

Total Population: 4,300

ROP3 Code: 106389
IMB Affinity Group: American Peoples
Affinity Bloc: North American Peoples
People Cluster: North American Indigenous
Language: English - (eng)
Religion: Ethnic Religions
Country of Origin: United States

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Majority Located Where

  Barnstable Town, MA - 1,530

  Barnstable Town, MA - 1,100

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Brief Profile

The Wampanoag, also known as the Massasoit or Wôpanâak, are a Native American people group who predominantly belong to the federally recognized Mashpee Wampanoag Tribe and the Wampanoag Tribe of Gay Head (Aquinnah) of Massachusetts. A smaller percentage are part of four state recognized tribes in Massachusetts which include the Assonet, the Herring Pond, the Pocasset (Pokonoket), and the Namasket. Their name, Wanpanoag, means "People of the Dawn."

The Mashpee tribal band with a membership of over 1500 is located in the town of Mashpee, the Barnstable metro area. It is also Mashpee Wampanoag Indian Museum.

The Wampanoag Tribe of Gay Head (Aquinnah) tribal band claim a membership of over 1100 with approximately 300 residing on Martha's Vineyard, 120 residing in the town of Aquinnah, which is on Martha's Vineyard, and the remainder are scattered in the United States.

They spoke Wampanoag but now are speak English. Since the 1990s they have sought to revive the language. Today a few of those trained can converse in Wampanoag. They continue to provide training and instruction in the Wampanoag language. Watch a short CBS News video on the Wampanoag Language Revitalization.

Historically, the Wampanoag are well-known as the Native American people who the pilgrims originally encountered. From that encounter, the American national holiday Thanksgiving Day arose.

Traditionally, the Wampanoag adhered to a religion known as Spiritualism. Even today, many still adhere to and practice such beliefs. For instance, the Chief and Medicine Man remain traditional members of the Wampanoag Tribe of Gay Head, serving for life. They share the belief that the giant Moshup created Noepe and the neighboring islands, taught their people how to fish and to catch whales, and still presides over their destinies. The Stories of Moshup Pageant, held each August, honors and reenacts the stories of Moshup’s life, weaving narration, music and acting into the traditional performance.

Nevertheless, Christian missionary presence is well documented among the Wampanoag. The first Bible published in the colonies was a translation into Wampanoag by the missionary John Eliot in 1663.

Prayer Points

  • Pray God will work in the lives and hearts of Wampanoag people to understand and accept the Gospel of Jesus Christ for their own people.
  • Pray Christians will exemplify a life on missions in word and deed among Wampanoag people.
  • Pray evangelical Wampanoag will boldly share Christ, grow in their faith, and exemplify Christ both in word and deed.

People Group Resources

Native Americans - Worldview and Trends
Learn about Native Americans, their Worldview and Trends.

Learning Resources

Learn more about "Learning Paths"
Online Courses for embracing, encountering and engaging diaspora people. Work at your own pace. Begin anytime and complete the course according to your schedule. Interactive, Hands-On Application.

Learn more about "Reaching the Nations"
This book delineates five disciplines Christians should develop in order to effectively reach the nations. More specifically, it will guide Christians to develop an engagement strategy in their locale.

World Religions - Beliefs Overview
An overview of major world religions and cults - their beliefs and practices.

Other Resources

Know God in 98 Languages
A CRU resource with 9 different witnessing models (e.g. 4 Spiritual Laws, etc.) in 98 languages.

Prayer Guide for Unreached Peoples
A 30 day guide to pray for unreached people groups.

Online Talking Bible - English
The purpose of Talking Bibles is to give non-readers and the blind access to the Bible in their native language.

Prayer Guide using the GOSPELS acronym
A prayer guide that utilizes the acronym GOSPELS to pray for workers among diaspora.

Displaying 1-2 of 2 results.
Country City Metro Area Name State / Prov. Baseline Population
United StatesMashpeeBarnstable TownMA1,530
United StatesAquinnahBarnstable TownMA1,100

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