Passamaquoddy, Malecite of North America

People Group Info

Total Population: 3,700

ROP3 Code: 107916
IMB Affinity Group: American Peoples
Affinity Bloc: North American Peoples
People Cluster: North American Indigenous
Language: Malecite-Passamaquoddy - (pqm)
Religion: Christianity - Roman Catholic
Country of Origin: United States

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Majority Located Where

  Letang, NB - 1,900

  Perry, ME - 1,800

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Brief Profile

The Passamaquoddy, Malecite are a Native American people who reside along both sides of the border between Maine in the United States and New Brunswick, Canada. The name "Passamaquoddy" literally means "pollock-spearer" or "those of the place where pollock are plentiful", reflecting the importance of this fish in their culture.

Malecite is an endangered language that is mainly spoken in the Saint John River Valley in New Brunswick; and Passamaquoddy is spoken mostly in the St. Croix River Valley of eastern Maine.

There are very few speakers for both dialects, and those who can are elderly. However, language revival efforts are underway to restore its use among Maliseet and Passamaquoddy children. For more information on the language, see the Passamaquoddy-Maliseet Language Portal website.

They value hunting, fishing, basket weaving and other crafts, storytelling and music. Preserving the beauty and wisdom of such a lifestyle has become their life's work.

The Passamaquoddy were converted to Christianity by the French Jesuit priest with Samuel de Champlain in 1604. Today, the majority of Passamaquoddy are Roman Catholic.

Prayer Points

  • Pray God will open doors for Christians to share the gospel with unreached Passamaquoddy, Malecite people.
  • Pray God will prepare the hearts and minds of Passamaquoddy, Malecite people to understand and receive the message of Christ.
  • Pray evangelical Passamaquoddy, Malecite people will obey the Great Commission crossing cultures to share the message of Christ with the least reached people in North America and beyond.


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Native Americans - Worldview and Trends
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