Sauk-Fox, Mesquakie of United States

People Group Info

Total Population: 4,000

ROP3 Code: 108750
IMB Affinity Group: American Peoples
Affinity Bloc: North American Peoples
People Cluster: North American Indigenous
Language: Meskwaki - (sac)
Religion: Other Religions
Country of Origin: United States

Photo courtesy of FEMA.
Photo by Steve Zumwalt

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Majority Located Where

  Oklahoma City, OK - 2,200

  Tama, IA - 1,400

  Reserve, KS - 400

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Brief Profile

The Sauk-Fox, Mesquakie are a Native American people who call themselves Meshkwahkihaki, which means "the Red-Earths," related to their creation story. Historically their homelands were in the Great Lakes region.

Meskwaki is an endangered language, due to most of its speakers being older. Some teachers are trying to revitalize the language.

Today the three federally recognized tribes include the: (1) Sac and Fox Nation, headquartered in Stroud, Oklahoma; (2) Sac and Fox of the Mississippi in Iowa, headquartered in Tama, Iowa; and (3) Sac and Fox Nation of Missouri in Kansas and Nebraska, headquartered in Reserve, Kansas.

Religious practices include the Drum Dance, the Native American Church and Christianity.

Prayer Points

  • Pray God will stir hearts creating unrest about eternal matters in life.
  • Pray Christians will develop close friendships revealing to them how Christ is intimate and has made a difference in how they see life.
  • Pray Christians will intentionally engage and plant churches.


Global Recordings Network
Native Americans - Worldview and Trends
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Country City Metro Area Name State / Prov. Baseline Population
United StatesStroudOklahoma CityOK2,200