Métis of Canada


People Group Info

Total Population: 447,655

ROP3 Code: 107903
IMB Affinity Group: American Peoples
Affinity Bloc: North American Peoples
People Cluster: North American Indigenous
Language: French - (fra)
Religion: Christianity
Country of Origin: Canada

Status of Christianity


No Longer Unreached

GSEC Level: 6

Photo of Elsie Yanik — Métis Elder.

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Majority Located Where

  Winnipeg, MB - 46,070

  Kikino Métis Settlement, AB - 4,860

The above People Group marker population includes the population of all 8 Métis Settlements in Alberta.

Métis settlements in Alberta include Buffalo Lake, East Prairie, Elizabeth, Fishing Lake, Gift Lake, Kikino, Paddle Prairie, and Peavine.

Alberta is home to the largest Métis population.

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Brief Profile

The Métis are a group of peoples in Canada who trace their descent to First Nations peoples and European settlers.

In 2003, the Supreme Court of Canada defined Métis as someone who self-identifies as Métis, has an ancestral connection to the historic Métis community, and is accepted by the modern community with continuity to the historic Métis community.

Historically, the traditional Métis "homeland" included much of the Canadian Prairies centering on southern and central parts of Manitoba.

They now are dispersed throughout Canada, residing in both rural and urban areas.

The Métis today predominantly speak French, with English a strong second language.

The blending of European and Indigenous traditions has created a unique and rich Métis culture. In traditional music and dance, Métis fiddling and jigging combine European and Indigenous influences (see Music of the Métis). Métis fiddle music is generally up-tempo and is accompanied by the fast footwork of jiggers. Though there are many fiddle tunes and dances, the most well-known is the Red River Jig, which emerged in the early to mid-1700s. Today, the Métis people still perform traditional music and dances at local and national competitions, community gatherings, powwows and conferences. Citation from Canadian Encyclopedia

The religious beliefs of the Métis people were a combination of two worlds, like most aspects of their culture. Their spirituality was influenced by both their mothers’ Native heritage and their fathers’ more European beliefs. It was common for the Métis to combine elements of Native (mostly Ojibwa and Cree), and Catholic or Protestant religions. Church - Many Métis people went to Catholic or Protestant churches on a regular basis. Marriage and other customs - Many Métis were married in a church (following Catholic or Protestant traditions) and were buried in Catholic or Protestant cemeteries.

Prayer Points

  • Pray God will work in the minds and hearts of Métis to understand and receive the message of Christ.
  • Pray Métis Christians will boldly share the message of Christ with the least reached peoples in North America.

Resources

J-Film
Global Recordings Network
Online Bible
Bible - French
Native Americans - Worldview and Trends
Displaying 1-2 of 2 results.
StatusCountry City Metro Area Name State / Prov. Baseline Population
CanadaWinnipegWinnipegMB46,070
CanadaKikino Métis Settlement AB4,860