Zapotec, Loxicha of United States


People Group Info

Total Population: 6,900

ROP3 Code: 107421
IMB Affinity Group: American Peoples
Affinity Bloc: Latin-Caribbean Americans
People Cluster: Zapoteco
Language: Spanish - (spa)
Religion: Christianity - Roman Catholic
Country of Origin: Mexico

Status of Christianity


No Longer Unreached

GSEC Level: 4

Majority Located Where

  San Diego, CA - 50

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Brief Profile

The Loxicha Zapotec are an indigenous people group who have migrated from the mountains of Southern Mexico and who maintain much of their pre-Columbian language and culture. They are one of the wide variety of current Zapotec groups who made up the ancient Zapotec, whose roots go back at least 2,500 years and who were once the dominant culture in the Valley of Oaxaca in Mesoamerica. The Zapotec built massive complexes such as Monte Alban, developed an early system of writing, produced finely crafted jewelry, and competed for dominance with the Aztec before the arrival of the Spanish.

Their villages of origin in Mexico tend to be small, rural farming communities with little to no economic opportunity. As a result, many of them have emigrated to the United States, but maintain very strong cultural, family, and financial ties to their communities of origin. Money remitted to their home villages is a vital lifeline for those who have stayed behind.

The town of Loxicha itself, is "located on an unreliable but gravel road in a remote area north of the highway between Puerto Escondido and Puerto Angel, Oaxaca, Mexico. This town was very late to enter the migrant stream. There is no evidence of anyone leaving the hometown before 1990. There are no settlements elsewhere in Mexico. People came straight to the United States. No one in the older generation speaks Spanish very well in the town. However, despite its isolation and lack of migration history, the language skills are changing quickly. Children converse in Spanish on the streets of the hometown, and the young settler population in California speaks Spanish well. Though there were isolated pioneers in the 1990s, almost all of the relatively small number of people from Loxicha (have) come to California since 2000 (median age=25). They have settled almost exclusively in the San Diego area where they work in the strawberry and tomato fields...." (Indigenous Farmworkers Hometown Report) http://indigenousfarmworkers.org/index.shtml Many of the settlers in the USA are men who have left their wives and children back in Mexico. Most are live in poor conditions and have little transportation.

The primary religion practiced by the Loxicha Zapotec is a form of Cultural Catholicism layered over their traditional religion, and is rooted in the reverence of santos and spirits in nature. Their religion is expressed through traditional fiestas, rites, and customs.

Prayer Points

  • Pray for Loxicha Zapotec believers to boldly proclaim the gospel to their people.
  • Pray that the barriers of traditional Zapotec religion would be broken down.
  • Pray for more workers for the harvest, both for the Loxicha Zapotec in the United States, as well as those in Mexico.

Resources

J-Film
Global Recordings Network
Online Bible
Online Talking Bible - Spanish
Scripture Earth Resources in Various Zapotec Languages
Scripture Earth Resources in Zapotec, Loxicha
Scripture Resources in Latin-American Spanish
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StatusCountry City Metro Area Name State / Prov. Baseline Population
United StatesSan DiegoSan Diego-Carlsbad-San MarcosCA50