People Group Profiles

“All nations will come and worship before you."

- Revelations 15:4

Jew, Black of United States

People Group Info

Total Population: 51,000

ROP3 Code: 101513
IMB Affinity Group: North African and Middle Eastern Peoples
Affinity Bloc: Jews
People Cluster: Jews
Language: English - (eng)
Religion: Ethnic Religions - Judaism
Country of Origin: United States

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Majority Located Where

  Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL - 1,200

  New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY - 500

Click here to recommend other locations where this People Group resides.

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Brief Profile

Black Jews are ethno-religious people group of Black ancestry who adhere to Judaism. They may be ethnically African American, Ethiopian, etc. yet religiously follow Judaism.

They speak English but learn and teach the Hebrew language to their younger generations. As such, they propagate the customs, traditions, and beliefs of Judaism.

The United States is home to many different Black Jewish sects located in many larger metro areas. No umbrella organization unites the Black Jews, but most consider themselves to be Black Jews, Hebrews, or Israelites.

Estimates for the total number of Black Jews in the United States range from 40,000, reported by the Encyclopedia of Black America, to 500,000 as stated in a feature story about Black Jews in Ascent magazine. Unfortunately, none of the sources reveal how they arrived at their figures.

The problem of determining a reliable estimate of the number of Black Jews is made more complicated by the difficulty of determining who is a "Black Jew."

As one Black Jew states,

Judaism, as many understand and practice it, is not a race. If it were, then no one could join it or leave it without being genetically altered. Judaism is a creed; a living culture with an ancient history. Those who practice it belong to communities that often have unique traditions. Though it may not appear as such, most Jews belong to definable communities which have traditions that come out of their own histories. Sadly, some of the more influential communities attempt to exercise a hegemony over the others. Black Jews generally reject the presumptive authority of such groups — though they accept many of their traditions and interpretations on other matters. Because of this, Black Jews exist on the margins of Jewish society though well within the pale of principled disagreement. (

Many Black Jews claim that they were the original Jewish people, dating their lineage back to Judah. Ethiopian Jews are one good example of Jews who make such a claim.

Many Black Jews originally adhered to Christianity but after wrestling with contradictions and questions that they claim were in the Christian faith, they converted to Judaism. Many refer to their religious experience as reversion, rather than conversion, and feel a cultural connection to the lost tribes of Israel. They say that Judaism has renewed their sense of personal identity.

Nevertheless, Black Jews are a distinct people group, a people with their own social identity, often separated from other people. As such, Black Jews see themselves different from Afro-Americans. They are predominantly found clustered together in larger metro areas in the United States. In fact, Black Jews have a long history in New York's Harlem district.

Black Jews belong to each of the major American Jewish denominations—Orthodox, Conservative, Reform—and to the smaller movements as well. Like their white Jewish counterparts, there are also Black Jewish secularists and Black Jews who may rarely or never take part in religious practices.

Prayer Points

  • Pray the Lord of the harvest to send forth loving Christians to work among the Black Jews.
  • Pray that Black Jews will understand that Jesus is the long-awaited Messiah.
  • Ask the Lord to soften the hearts of the Black Jews towards Christians so that they might hear and receive the message of salvation.

Learning Resources

Learn more about "Learning Paths"
Online Courses for embracing, encountering and engaging diaspora people. Work at your own pace. Begin anytime and complete the course according to your schedule. Interactive, Hands-On Application.

Learn more about "Reaching the Nations"
This book delineates five disciplines Christians should develop in order to effectively reach the nations. More specifically, it will guide Christians to develop an engagement strategy in their locale.

World Religions - Beliefs Overview
An overview of major world religions and cults - their beliefs and practices.

Other Resources

Know God in 98 Languages
A CRU resource with 9 different witnessing models (e.g. 4 Spiritual Laws, etc.) in 98 languages.

Prayer Guide for Unreached Peoples
A 30 day guide to pray for unreached people groups.

Online Talking Bible - English
The purpose of Talking Bibles is to give non-readers and the blind access to the Bible in their native language.

Prayer Guide using the GOSPELS acronym
A prayer guide that utilizes the acronym GOSPELS to pray for workers among diaspora.

Displaying 1-2 of 2 results.
Country City Metro Area Name State / Prov. Baseline Population
United StatesChicagoChicago-Naperville-ElginIL1,200
United StatesNYNew York-Newark-Jersey CityNY500