Chinese, Hokkien of North America


People Group Info

Total Population: 220,000

ROP3 Code: 102140
IMB Affinity Group: East Asian Peoples
Affinity Bloc: East Asian Peoples
People Cluster: Chinese
Language: Min Nan Chinese - (nan)
Religion: Buddhism - Mahayana
Country of Origin: Taiwan

Status of Christianity


Engaged yet Unreached

GSEC Level: 1

Majority Located Where

  Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA - 58,000

  New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY - 27,000

  San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA - 21,000

  San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA - 17,500

  Vancouver (Surrey), BC - 16,600

Click here to recommend other locations where this People Group resides.

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Brief Profile

The descendants of Hokkien Chinese originated mainly from Fujian (also called Min Nan) Province in China. Many due to China's cultural revolution migrated to other Asian countries. As a result, the Hokkien Chinese in North America predominantly originate from Taiwan, Malaysia, Singapore, Cambodia, Vietnam, and Indonesia.

In Taiwan, the common Chinese dialect, especially in southern Taiwan, is Hokkien. However, s everal variances of the Hokkien dialect are spoken in the United States depending upon the speaker's country of origin. The Hokkien language, also known as Fukienese or Taiwanese, is part of subgroup of the Min Nan language, as is Teochew Chinese.

The majority of Hokkien Chinese grow up in an environment of idol worship, ancestral worship, and strong teachings of filial piety. Their religion, no different than many other Chinese people groups, has a multitude of stories, performances, rituals, customs, beliefs, sacred objects and places, deities, festivals, and folk practices.

The main deity in a Hokkien temple is Fazhugong or Zhanggong shengju. This deity, with long hair and carrying a sword, originally came from the Yongchun district (of Fujian province, China). A notable sight in Hokkien households is the display of three or more generations of ancestral tablets at the family altar, besides other deities. For the typical Hokkien family, a distinct ritual follows when a death occurs—holes are made to the deceased’s pockets to prevent him or her from taking away the family’s wealth.

There are several noteworthy temples. The Xi Lai Temple, a Buddhist temple near Monterey Park, California is the largest overseas temple of Foguanshan center in Taiwan, a Zen Buddhist center. Also worth mentioning are the Jade Buddha Temple in Houston and the Zhuangyen Monastery in Carmel, New York.

California has the largest number of Hokkien Chinese, followed by New York, Texas, and New Jersey.

Prayer Points

  • Pray for God to remove strongholds and work in the minds and hearts among Hokkien people.
  • Pray for evangelical Christians to share a contextualized message of Christ with Hokkien people.
  • Pray God will send messengers to plant churches among Hokkien people.

Resources

Global Recordings Network
Online Talking Bible - Chinese, Min Nan (Hokkien)
Online Talking Bible - Chinese, Min Nan (Teochew)
Displaying 1-18 of 18 results.
StatusCountry City Metro Area Name State / Prov. Baseline Population
United StatesAmarilloAmarillo-DumasTX119
United StatesAustinAustin-Round RockTX3,400
United StatesBeaumontBeaumont-Port ArthurTX167
United StatesCincinnatiCincinnati-MiddletownOH5,000
United StatesCorpus ChristiCorpus ChristiTX106
United StatesPlanoDallas-Fort Worth-ArlingtonTX1,750
United StatesHoustonHouston-The Woodlands-Sugar LandTX5,000
United StatesHacienda HeightsLos Angeles-Long Beach-AnaheimCA58,000
United StatesLouisvilleLouisville/Jefferson CountyKY1,866
United StatesSan JuanMcAllen-Edinburg-Mission-BrownsvilleTX300
United StatesNashvilleNashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--FranklinTN500
United StatesNYNew York-Newark-Jersey CityNY27,000
United StatesPittsPittsburghPA1,129
United StatesDaly CitySan Francisco-Oakland-HaywardCA17,500
United StatesSan JoseSan Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa ClaraCA21,000
United StatesMontréalMontreal (Laval)QC1,680
United StatesTorontoToronto (Mississauga, Brampton)OR7,375
United StatesVancouverVancouver (Surrey)BC16,600