People Group Profiles

“All nations will come and worship before you."

- Revelations 15:4

Chinese, Hokkien of North America

People Group Info

Total Population: 220,000

ROP3 Code: 102140
IMB Affinity Group: East Asian Peoples
Affinity Bloc: East Asian Peoples
People Cluster: Chinese
Language: Min Nan Chinese - (nan)
Religion: Buddhism - Mahayana
Country of Origin: Taiwan

Photo courtesy of Joshua Project.
Copyright © Operation China, Paul Hattaway

Majority Located Where

  Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA - 58,000

  New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY - 27,000

  San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA - 21,000

  San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA - 17,500

  Vancouver (Surrey), BC - 16,600

Click here to recommend other locations where this People Group resides.

Learn More

Brief Profile

The descendants of Hokkien Chinese originated mainly from Fujian (also called Min Nan) Province in China. Many due to China's cultural revolution migrated to other Asian countries. As a result, the Hokkien Chinese in North America predominantly originate from Taiwan, Malaysia, Singapore, Cambodia, Vietnam, and Indonesia.

In Taiwan, the common Chinese dialect, especially in southern Taiwan, is Hokkien. However, s everal variances of the Hokkien dialect are spoken in the United States depending upon the speaker's country of origin. The Hokkien language, also known as Fukienese or Taiwanese, is part of subgroup of the Min Nan language, as is Teochew Chinese.

The majority of Hokkien Chinese grow up in an environment of idol worship, ancestral worship, and strong teachings of filial piety. Their religion, no different than many other Chinese people groups, has a multitude of stories, performances, rituals, customs, beliefs, sacred objects and places, deities, festivals, and folk practices.

The main deity in a Hokkien temple is Fazhugong or Zhanggong shengju. This deity, with long hair and carrying a sword, originally came from the Yongchun district (of Fujian province, China). A notable sight in Hokkien households is the display of three or more generations of ancestral tablets at the family altar, besides other deities. For the typical Hokkien family, a distinct ritual follows when a death occurs—holes are made to the deceased’s pockets to prevent him or her from taking away the family’s wealth.

There are several noteworthy temples. The Xi Lai Temple, a Buddhist temple near Monterey Park, California is the largest overseas temple of Foguanshan center in Taiwan, a Zen Buddhist center. Also worth mentioning are the Jade Buddha Temple in Houston and the Zhuangyen Monastery in Carmel, New York.

California has the largest number of Hokkien Chinese, followed by New York, Texas, and New Jersey.

Prayer Points

  • Pray for God to remove strongholds and work in the minds and hearts among Hokkien people.
  • Pray for evangelical Christians to share a contextualized message of Christ with Hokkien people.
  • Pray God will send messengers to plant churches among Hokkien people.

Learning Resources

Learn more about "Learning Paths"
Online Courses for embracing, encountering and engaging diaspora people. Work at your own pace. Begin anytime and complete the course according to your schedule. Interactive, Hands-On Application.

Learn more about "Reaching the Nations"
This book delineates five disciplines Christians should develop in order to effectively reach the nations. More specifically, it will guide Christians to develop an engagement strategy in their locale.

World Religions - Beliefs Overview
An overview of major world religions and cults - their beliefs and practices.

Other Resources

Prayer Guide for Unreached Peoples
A 30 day guide to pray for unreached people groups.

Online Talking Bible - Chinese, Min Nan (Hokkien)
The purpose of Talking Bibles is to give non-readers and the blind access to the Bible in their native language.

Online Talking Bible - Chinese, Min Nan (Teochew)
The purpose of Talking Bibles is to give non-readers and the blind access to the Bible in their native language.

Prayer Guide using the GOSPELS acronym
A prayer guide that utilizes the acronym GOSPELS to pray for workers among diaspora.

Displaying 1-18 of 18 results.
Country City Metro Area Name State / Prov. Baseline Population
United StatesHacienda HeightsLos Angeles-Long Beach-AnaheimCA58,000
United StatesNYNew York-Newark-Jersey CityNY27,000
United StatesSan JoseSan Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa ClaraCA21,000
United StatesDaly CitySan Francisco-Oakland-HaywardCA17,500
United StatesVancouverVancouver (Surrey)BC16,600
United StatesTorontoToronto (Mississauga, Brampton)OR7,375
United StatesHoustonHouston-The Woodlands-Sugar LandTX5,000
United StatesCincinnatiCincinnati-MiddletownOH5,000
United StatesAustinAustin-Round RockTX3,400
United StatesLouisvilleLouisville/Jefferson CountyKY1,866
United StatesPlanoDallas-Fort Worth-ArlingtonTX1,750
United StatesMontréalMontreal (Laval)QC1,680
United StatesPittsPittsburghPA1,129
United StatesNashvilleNashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--FranklinTN500
United StatesSan JuanMcAllen-Edinburg-Mission-BrownsvilleTX300
United StatesBeaumontBeaumont-Port ArthurTX167
United StatesAmarilloAmarillo-DumasTX119
United StatesCorpus ChristiCorpus ChristiTX106