Afghan people are composed of various ethnicities that exist in Afghanistan, reflecting the ethnolinguistic mosaic of their homeland in Afghanistan.
Large numbers of Afghan refugees began arriving in North America during the 1980s in the wake of the Soviet invasion. Some were officially designated as refugees, while others were granted political asylum. After 1989, however, arrivals have not only come as refugees but also due to reunite with family members already residing North America. This has lead inevitably to Afghans settling near each other, and in some caes ethnic enclaves becoming noticeable in larger metro areas.
The Afghan are separate from ethnic Pashtuns and other South Asian Muslims of Pashtun descent who originate outside Afghanistan's present day borders. As such, when asked, they normally call themselves "Afghan" even when asked more questions concerning any dialect languages they may speak.